Varicose veins are kind of veins that exist under the skin of our legs and often that bulges, widens and are twisted. For most people this does not cause any medical issue. Usually there are two main systems of veins in our legs.

  1. Deep veins

When we walk then the leg muscles tend to squeeze the deep veins so that most of our blood can back up the legs to our heart.

  1. Superficial veins

These veins are under our skin which are not so important and that can form the varices.

What are the causes of varicose veins?

According to medical specialists, most of the varicose veins’ problems are hereditary. Usually it is women who are likely to suffer from such problem. Various hormonal factors are responsible which can happen during menopause, puberty or pregnancy. Excessive use of birth control pills too can cause this problem.

However, pregnancy is the most common cause among women. During pregnancy, usually the hormone levels as well as blood volume can turn the veins large. Also, due to enlarged uterus, the pressure on veins increases. Varicose veins caused due to pregnancy will disappear within 3 months of the birth of the child. However, during any next pregnancy, this can occur again.

What are the symptoms?

Usually, it is not very painful and you may observe that certain veins are looking dark purple or blue. Some of the veins also appear to be twisted and bulging. When this becomes painful then the following symptoms may occur:

  • Heavy or achy feeling in the legs
  • Burning, muscle cramping, throbbing, and swelling in the lower legs
  • Pain get worse after standing or sitting for a very long time
  • Itching around the veins
  • Bleeding occurs from varicose veins
  • Very painful cord occurs in the vein with little red discoloration of your skin
  • Color changes, inflammation of the skin, hardening of the vein or skin ulcers near the ankle, which means that your vascular disease is serious enough and that needs medical attention.

How to prevent?

There is no foolproof method available to prevent the occurrence of varicose veins. However, taking following few measures, you can reduce the discomfort and also prevent it to some extent.

  • Regular exercising
  • Keeping a watch in your weight
  • By eating a low-salt and high-fiber diets
  • By avoiding use of high heels and also tight hosiery
  • Elevating your legs
  • By changing the sitting or standing position regularly